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Humanitarian Demining Plan 2015

02.04.2015

Based on Article 4 Paragraph 2 of the Humanitarian Demining Act, the Government of the Republic of Croatia passed the Humanitarian Demining Plan 2015 at the 222nd session held on April 2, 2015.
In 2015, it is planned to allocate 431.254.700,00 HRK for demining operations from the State Budget and other funding sources. For the first time since the adoption of the National Mine Action Strategy (NMAS) in 2009, the sum is harmonized with the sum planned by the National Mine Action Strategy (NMAS).
Based on Plan 2015, suspected hazardous area (SHA) of the Republic of Croatia will be reduced for 104,5 km2 by technical survey and demining operations i.e. 20% in relation to the initial SHA situation on January 1, 2015.
Following the last year’s removal of mine problem from the entire territory of Dubrovnik-Neretva County and Virovitica-Podravina County, in 2015, mine problem will be removed from the entire territory of Vukovar-Srijem County and Brod-Posavina County. This will result in increase of general safety, enable more equal economic development of eastern Croatia and implementation of measures aimed at environment protection and preservation. It will also create preconditions for CROMAC to run more rational business in the forthcoming period with special emphasis on reduction of expenses relating to general survey and marking of SHA.
In 2015, the agricultural area of Karlovac County, Osijek-Baranja and Požega-Slavonia County will be completely demined as well as part of agricultural areas of Sisak-Moslavina and Lika-Senj County. Project designing and contracting activities during 2015 will be undertaken with the purpose of solving the problem of mine contamination of agricultural area of Split-Dalmatia, Šibenik-Knin and Zadar County.
Systematic demining of commercial forests on the territory of Osijek-Baranja and Sisak-Moslavina County will be continued.
Solving of mine problem on agricultural areas will result in realization of basic preconditions of use and exploitation of agricultural land i.e. significantly contribute to economic and social development of the Republic of Croatia.
In 2015, Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC) will be conducting general and technical survey aimed at collecting quality indicators of mine contamination in that way directly contributing to faster and more rational solving of mine problem of the Republic of Croatia. The pre-requisite for the realization of the above-mentioned was the reorganization of Croatian Mine Action Centre carried out in 2013 and 2014. The basic goal was to engage all available capacities on operations directly resulting in reduction of mine problem.
On January 1, 2015, the SHA of the Republic of Croatia was marked with 12.071 of mine warning signs. During 2015, CROMAC will sustain and improve SHA marking situation of the Republic of Croatia. The activities will be focused on increase of quality of SHA marking via increase of a number of tables on the remaining suspected hazardous area indicating the presence of hazardous areas as well as the need for increased control of the existing SHA marking system. Mentioned activities will result in increasing general safety of citizens of the Republic of Croatia.
Plan 2015 anticipates around 65 mine risk education (MRE) and mine victim assistance (MVA) activities for target groups. In 2015, the Office for Mine Action of the Government of the Republic of Croatia will be organizing co-ordinative meeting for mine victim assistance. The work on a development of a unique mine and UXO victim database will be continued. The aim is to update the existing data and data obtained from state administration bodies.
Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC) and Office for Mine Action of the Government of the Republic of Croatia will continue developing co-operation and partner relations with all relevant international mine action subjects. The aim is to exchange mine action experience and information and provide training for experts according to Croatian mine action system in order to promote Croatian system as an export product.
In 2015, new Humanitarian Demining Act will define the conduct of humanitarian demining operations in the Republic of Croatia in a way that all positive experiences gained during the conduct of demining operations will be integrated into the Act since they result in more rational and efficient system offering better quality of executed demining operations. The terms and subjects to be co-ordinating humanitarian demining operations, rights and commitments of employees conducting humanitarian demining and monitoring over the conduct of humanitarian demining will be re-defined.
Demining operations are defined as «acceptable» within specific goals in the Operational Programme for Competitiveness and Cohesion if and when demining is a precondition for realization of activities that contribute to the realization of individual specific goals. In such cases, demining is defined as a specific goal 6.4.3. – Demining, reconstruction and protection of forests and forest land in protected areas and areas covered by NATURA 2000 network.
Humanitarian demining operations are defined as «directly acceptable» within the Operational Programme for Competitiveness and Cohesion, thematic goal 6 which defined environment protection and promotion of efficiency of resources and within the Rural Development Programme.
Thanks to the efforts and activities of the Office for Mine Action of the Government of the Republic of Croatia and Ministry of Agriculture with CROMAC technical assistance, conditions that will contribute to demining of the entire agricultural area of the Republic of Croatia were created within Measure M05 ‘’Recovery of agricultural production potential perturbed by natural disasters and catastrophic events and implementation of adequate preventive activities’’ and sub-measure 5.2. ‘’Support to investment into recovery of agricultural land and production potential perturbed by natural disasters, unfavourable weather conditions and catastrophic events’’ i.e. operation type 5.2.2.
During 2015, Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC), Office for Mine Action of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Agriculture, Paying Agency for Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Development and 9 mine-contaminated counties will conduct activities relating to preparation and implementation of projects planned to be financed by funds allocated for the realization of stated goal. To be precise, 30 square kilometres of agricultural areas will be demined with ca. 30 million EUR worth grant.
Humanitarian Demining Plan 2015 is available at: https://www.hcr.hr/pdf/Plan2015.pdf

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